The American Research Center in Eygpt

Preservation of the Sacred Lakes, Karnak

Preservation of the Sacred Lakes, Karnak

Preservation of the Sacred Lakes, Karnak
Directors: ARCE staff and consultants; The Johns Hopkins University; the Franco-Egyptian Center
April 2007 - July 2010

In support of the Mut Temple Foundations Project, directed by Dr. Betsy Bryan of the Johns Hopkins University, ARCE arranged to drain the lake at Mut Temple to aid excavation and conservation undertaken by Dr. Bryan’s team. This effort, ably led by staff engineer Magdy Mokhta, involved the creation of a series of wells and a number of pumps, some placed in the wells themselves, others directly in the lake, which were used to pump the lake clear of water, allowing the banks to dry for excavation and investigation. This also allowed for disposal of the water in the lake which had become increasingly saline through evaporation over time.

The lake was renewed by replacing the water with fresh water seeping in through ground infiltration once the pumps were removed at the end of the Spring 2009 season. The lake bed and banks were clogged with reeds and other vegetation, which contributed to the growth of algae and created an otherwise poor environment and an abatement program was initiated to remove them. Further discussions to control and monitor these matters are contemplated, with the close cooperation of the SCA, Dr. Bryan and ARCE.

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